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Dr. Jean Dodds, Kris Christine & Friends -- on important Vaccination Legislation



WY's Pet Euthanasia Rule

From: Peter & Kris Christine [mailto:LedgeSpring  at]
Sent: Thursday, May 11, 2006
Subject: WY's Pet Euthanasia Rule




NY Pet Vax Bills S02164/A14253


From: Peter & Kris Christine [mailto:LedgeSpring at lincoln.midcoast dot com]
Sent: Wednesday, May 10, 2006
Subject: Dodds & Schultz NO on NY Pet Vax Bills S02164/A14253


May 5, 2006 letter from Kris Christine



 Pennsylvania pet legislation

From: Peter & Kris Christine [mailto:LedgeSpring  at]
Sent: Tuesday, April 25, 2006
Subject: Pet Legislation-Yes on SB1144 and SB1145



Kris Christine [LedgeSpring at] -- is the the person to thank for Maine's Legislsation LD429 -- the Vaccine Hearing  was 2/28/05.  She, has been doing a tremendous job of changing the previously poorly- written (in my opinion), state Laws on vaccinations in Maine.

The strong opposition to her efforts to make it safer for companion animals by some veterinarians in power is, as I see it, appalling.

Hopefully, *all* the States will eventually update the law with regard to vaccination
in animals, following her lead.

Helen McKinnon

To follow is Dr. Dodds' August 2, 2004 in response to the vaccination issues in the State of Maine, reprinted here with her kind permission.


W. Jean Dodds, DVM

938 Stanford Street

Santa Monica, CA 90403

310-828-4804; Fax: (310) 453-5240  

 August 2, 2004

Senator Christopher Hall

The Maine Senate      

3 State House Station

Augusta, ME 04333-0003

Re:  Proposed Legislation on Vaccine Disclosure

Dear  Senator Hall:

I am writing  in support of your proposed State of Maine legislation on vaccine disclosure. I do so  as a veterinary  research/ clinician scientist, who has been actively involved in vaccination issues for 40 years.


While vaccines have significantly reduced the incidence of serious infectious diseases over the years, increasing evidence implicates vaccines in triggering immune-mediated and other chronic disorders.  The duration of immunity from vaccination is now accepted to be at least 5 or more years for the clinically important diseases of dogs and cats. Accordingly, new vaccine protocols are recommended: 1) giving the puppy or kitten vaccine series followed by a booster at one year of age; 2) administering further boosters in a combination vaccine every three years or as split components alternating every other year until; 3) the pet reaches geriatric age, when booster vaccination is often unnecessary and may be inadvisable.  In the years between or instead of boosters, serum vaccine antibody titers can be measured to determine the adequacy of immune memory.

Vaccine antibody titer testing measures antibodies to certain diseases to determine whether an animal's immune system has responded to previous vaccinations.   This blood test helps determine whether or not an animal will be protected from the infectious disease if he/she were to be exposed.  Titers do not distinguish between immunity generated by vaccination and/or exposure to the disease, although the magnitude of immunity produced just by vaccination is usually lower. Reliable serologic vaccine titering is available from several university and commercial laboratories and the cost is reasonable.  If a given animal's humoral immune response has fallen below levels of adequate immune memory,[COMMENT1]  an appropriate vaccine booster can be administered.

Duration of immunity (DOI) from challenge studies


Challenge studies in the cat from Cornell University  following just two doses of trivalent killed vaccine given at 8 and 12 weeks of age, showed complete protection from feline panleukopenia virus for more than 8 years, and good  protection against feline calicivirus and herpes virus for 4 and 3 years, respectively. Colorado State University recently reported long term vaccinal immunity in a large number of pet and laboratory cats.


The 2003 report of the AAHA Canine Vaccine Task Force  indicated that the DOI following challenge studies in dogs was equal to or greater than 7 years for the three canine "core" vaccines against distemper virus (CDV), parvovirus (CPV-2) and adenovirus (hepatitis, CAV-1).

Challenge of immunity studies have shown that the minimum DOI of modified live virus (MLV) CDV vaccines are 7 and 5 years for the Rockborn and Onderstepoort strains of CDV, respectively. Challenge of immunity studies for CPV-2 vaccines have shown the minimum DOI with MLV CPV-2 vaccines to be 7 years.  Challenge of immunity studies for CAV-1 have shown the minimum DOI with modified live CAV-2 vaccines to be 7 years. Based on serologic data for sterilizing immunity, the minimum DOI for CDV is 12-15 and 9 years, respectively, for the Rockborn and Onderstepoort strains of CDV; up to 10 years for CPV-2; and at least 9 years for CAV-1.

 In 2002, the AVMA Council on Biologic and Therapeutic Agents (COBTA) published a landmark report on cat and dog vaccines. Some key features of that report were: "vaccination is a potent medical procedure associated with benefits and risks for animals; considerations of exposure probability, susceptibility, severity of the disease, efficacy and safety of the vaccine, potential public health concerns, and owners preferences are appropriate; individual animals will require different vaccines and vaccination programs; revaccination recommendations should be designed to create and maintain clinically relevant immunity, while minimizing adverse event potential; the practice of revaccinating animals annually is largely based on historic precedent supported by minimal scientific data; unnecessary stimulation of the immune system does not result in enhanced disease resistance and may expose animals to unnecessary risks; veterinarians should consider creating a core vaccination program for most of the animals in their practice area; core vaccines are defined as vaccines appropriate to provide protection in most animals against diseases that pose a risk of severe disease because the pathogens are virulent, highly infectious, and widely distributed in the region; current adverse event reporting systems need substantial improvement in the capture, analysis, and dissemination of information; practitioner commitment to reporting adverse events and practitioner access to timely analyses of adverse event data are essential to providing optimal animal care."

In 2004, the following statement was endorsed by all 23 members of the ACVIM Infectious Disease Study Group and approved by the ACVIM Board:  "The American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine believes that all dogs should have a routine health examination by a veterinarian at least yearly.  At that time, vaccination needs should be determined and only those antigens deemed necessary should be administered.  We currently endorse the use of the AAHA [American Animal Hospital Association] 2003 Canine Vaccine Guidelines as an aid in determining the vaccination needs of individual dogs."

Finally, because of the potential legal liability for all medical procedures including vaccination, veterinarians need to obtain informed consent from their clients.  This means that clients need to be given information about the benefits and risks of vaccination in order to permit them to make an appropriate decision about the individual vaccine to be selected and the vaccination programs of choice.  Thus, obtaining informed consent and the client's signature on a consent form or patient chart is an important aspect of following the legal standards of duty to inform "what any reasonable, prudent person would want to know about the subject". 


Cohen, A.D. and Shoenfeld, Y.  Vaccine-induced autoimmunity.  J. Autoimmunity 9: 699-703, 1996.

Dodds WJ. More bumps on the vaccine road.  Adv Vet Med  41:715-732, 1999.

Dodds WJ.  Vaccination protocols for dogs predisposed to vaccine reactions. J Am An Hosp Assoc 38: 1-4, 2001.

Duval D, Giger U.  Vaccine-associated immune-mediated hemolytic anemia in the dog.  J  Vet Intern  Med  10:290-295, 1996. 

Flemming DD, Scott JF. The informed consent doctrine: what veterinarians should tell their clients. OJ Am Vet Med Assoc 224: 1436-1439, 2004.

Grubb DJ, Chapman C. The vaccine quandary.  AAHA Trends Magazine Dec 2003, pp. 35-38.

Hogenesch H, Azcona-Olivera J, Scott-Moncreiff C, et al.  Vaccine-induced autoimmunity in the dog. Adv Vet Med  41: 733-744, 1999.

Hustead  DR, Carpenter T, Sawyer DC, et al. Vaccination issues of concern to practitioners. J Am Vet Med Assoc  214: 1000-1002, 1999.

Klingborg DJ, Hustead DR, Curry-Galvin E, et al.  AVMA Council on Biologic and Therapeutiv Agents' report on cat and dog vaccines.  J  Am Vet Med Assoc 221: 1401-1407, 2002.

Lappin  MR, Andrews J, Simpson D, et al. Use of serologic tests to predict resistance to feline herpesvirus 1, feline calicivirus, and feline parvovirus infection in cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 220: 38-42, 2002.

McGaw DL, Thompson M, Tate, D, et al. Serum distemper virus and parvovirus antibody titers among dogs brought to a veterinary hospital for revaccination. J Am Vet Med Assoc 213: 72-75, 1998.

Moore  GE, Glickman LT. A perspective on vaccine guidelines and titer tests for dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 224: 200-203. 2004.

Mouzin DE, Lorenzen M J, Haworth, et al. Duration of serologic response to five viral antigens in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 224: 55-60, 2004.

Mouzin DE, Lorenzen M J, Haworth, et al. Duration of serologic response to three viral antigens in cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 224: 61-66, 2004.

Paul MA.  Credibility in the face of controversy.  Am An Hosp Assoc Trends Magazine XIV(2):19-21, 1998.

Paul MA (chair) et al. Report of the AAHA Canine Vaccine Task Force: 2003 canine vaccine guidelines, recommendations, and supporting literature. AAHA, April 2003, 28 pp.

Schultz RD.  Current and future canine and feline vaccination programs.  Vet Med 93:233-254, 1998.

Schultz RD, Ford RB, Olsen J, Scott F.  Titer testing and vaccination: a new look at traditional practices. Vet Med, 97: 1-13, 2002 (insert).

Scott FW, Geissinger CM. Long-term immunity in cats vaccinated with an inactivated trivalent vaccine. Am J Vet Res 60: 652-658, 1999.

Scott-Moncrieff JC, Azcona-Olivera J, Glickman NW, et al.  Evaluation of antithyroglobulin antibodies after routine vaccination in pet and research dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 221: 515-521, 2002.

Smith CA.  Are we vaccinating too much?  J Am Vet Med Assoc  207:421-425, 1995.

Tizard  I, Ni Y.  Use of serologic testing to assess immune status of companion animals. J Am Vet Med Assoc 213: 54-60, 1998.

Twark L, Dodds WJ. Clinical application of serum parvovirus and distemper virus antibody titers for determining revaccination strategies in healthy dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 217:1021-1024, 2000.

Hemopet is a 501(c)(3) charitable organization. Fed ID # 95-4063237

 Your source for life"

W. Jean Dodds, DVM, is an internationally recognized authority on thyroid issues in dogs and blood diseases in animals.  In the mid-1980's she founded Hemopet, the first nonprofit blood bank for animals. Dr. Dodds is a grantee of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, and author of over 150 research publications.  Through Hemopet she provides canine blood components and blood-bank supplies throughout North America, consults in clinical pathology, and lectures worldwide.


From: Peter & Kris Christine [mailto:LedgeSpring at]
Sent: Friday, December 31, 2004
Subject: Pet Vaccine Disclosure Legislation-HELP!!

    Representative Peter Rines ( of Wiscasset, Maine has just put in a bill, LR883 – An Act to Require Veterinarians to Provide Vaccine Disclosure Forms, for legislation which will require veterinarians to give disclosure sheets prior to vaccinating pets and when prescribing medications.   These disclosure forms will be just like the ones you receive when you get antibiotics or other prescription medication from the pharmacy.  This is precedent-setting legislation, and the Maine Veterinary Medical Association strongly attacked Senator Chris Hall when he first proposed this legislation -- we need a large show of public support to get this passed.  Once it does, it is only a matter of time before other states follow suit.  Representative Rines is the second Maine legislator willing to sponsor this legislation -- if it doesn't get enough support to pass, you can bet it will a long time before another legislator is willing to submit such a bill, and he is already hearing from mainstream veterinarians who are opposed to full disclosures for pet owners.  
    Representative Rines and I need your help to get this through.  Here's what you can do.  Send this e-mail to all of your pet-owning friends and acqaintances -- ALL OF THEM! This legislation will apply to feline vaccines & medications as well.  Permission is granted to cross-post this. Please contact Representative Rines EVEN IF YOU DON'T LIVE IN MAINE!   Maine residents, please contact your Representative and Senator and ask them to support Representative Rines' bill.  If you don't have your Representative's contact information, click on this link: and click on the following link to get contact information for your senator:
    Write letters to the editor supporting this legislation (Maine newspapers with e-mails and fax numbers are below).  For those of you who are members of dog clubs, please get your clubs to send Representative Rines  (Rep. Peter Rines 334 Bradford Rd.Wiscasset, Me. 04578/ 207-882-9794) an official letter of endorsement & send a copy to the newspapers as an Op Ed as well as have individual members write  to the papers.   Breeders and kennel owners -- please send this e-mail to all of your clients.  We need a strong public show of support.  Any of the veterinarians on the list willing to come out openly on this would help immensely, especially when the public hearing comes up, or you can send this e-mail to your clients if you wish. 
     We have a unique opportunity here -- there is momentum statewide, nationally, and internationally -- over 4,350 people have signed the pet vaccine disclosure petition started by Safer Vaccinations for Companion Animals  With a small amount of your effort, we can get the first pet vaccine/prescription medication disclosure legislation in the country (perhaps even in the world) passed here in Maine.  I have not heard of any other states with legislators willing to step up to the plate to do the right thing for companion animals, so let's make sure Representative Rines gets more than enough support for his pet vaccine disclosure bill!!
Cheers & thanks, Kris
Kris Christine
 Alna, Maine
Maine's area code is (207)
Lincoln County News   Fax #563-3127 Judy Finn
Lincoln County Weekly Fax #563-3615 Joan Grant
Wiscasset Newspaper  Paula Gibbs Fax #882-4280
Boothbay Register Kevin Burnham, Editor Fax #633-7123
Bangor Daily News -- Susan Young, editor. Fax: 941-9476 
Lewiston Sun Journal -- Fax #777-3436 David Farmer, Letters to the Editor Editor
The Times Record -- Fax: 721-3151 Claire Bastien , the letters-to-the-editor editor,
York County Coast Star -- Fax #985-9050 .
The Courier Gazette Fax #596-6981 Tom Von Malder, Senior Editor
The Kennebec Journal Fax #623-2220 Opinion Page Editor: Anthony F. Cristan

Journal Tribune (Biddeford, Sanford)   Fax # 282-3138; Editorial Page Editor Gail Lemley at 282-1535 (ext. 324) or 1-888-429-1535 (Maine only) .
Central Maine Morning Sentinel 800-452-4666, Fax #861-9191 Acting Waterville City Editor: Glenn Turner,
Ellsworth American Fax #667-7656
The Republican Journal Fax #338-5498 Daniel Dunkle, Editor;; Tanya Mitchell, Assistant Editor;
The Capital Weekly Fax #621-6006  Joyce Grondin, Editor
Portland Press Herald main fax #791-6920 Kim Clifford, Letters to the Editor Editor


ă Copyright 1995 Helen L. McKinnon All Rights Reserved

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